A drop pinned by a designed patch on a tilted superhydrophobic surface: Mimicking desert beetle

Siang Jie Hong, Cheng Chung Chang, Tung He Chou, Yu Jane Sheng, Heng Kwong Tsao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

A desert beetle tilts its body forward into the fog-laden wind to collect water by the hydrophilic patches on its superhydrophobic back. In this study, the pinning and dewetting mechanism of a tilted drop pinned by a designed patch on a superhydrophobic surface with negligible contact angle hysteresis (CAH) is explored both experimentally and theoretically. The patch is designed in different shapes including square, rectangle, and triangle. For a square or rectangular patch, the uphill contact angle (CA) of the tilted drop vary with the inclined angle (α) of the plate. The drop remains pinned until the critical inclined angle (αc) is achieved. As α = αc, the uphill CA of the drop reduces to the receding angle of the patch. The magnitude of αc grows approximately linearly with the pinning length (ωp), which is related to the patch size. It is found that ωp equals the side length (w) of square or rectangular patch perpendicular to the sliding direction. While ωp on square patches remains essentially unchanged before sliding, ωp on the triangular patch grows with increasing α. However, the relation between sin(α) and ωp for the triangular patch is consistent with that between sin(αc) and w for square and rectangular patches. Surface evolver simulations based on free energy minimization are performed to reproduce the wetting and dewetting behavior. The simulation outcomes agree quite well with the experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26487-26495
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume116
Issue number50
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Dec 2012

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