A CCR4 association factor 1, OsCAF1B, participates in the αAMY3 mRNA poly(A) tail shortening and plays a role in germination and seedling growth

Jhen Cheng Fang, Hsin Yi Liu, Yin Chuan Tsai, Wei Lun Chou, Chun Chen Chang, Chung An Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Poly(A) tail (PAT) shortening, also termed deadenylation, is the rate-limiting step of mRNA degradation in eukaryotic cells. The carbon catabolite repressor 4-associated factor 1s (CAF1s) were shown to be one of the major enzymes for catalyzing mRNA deadenylation in yeast and mammalian cells. However, the functions of CAF1 proteins in plants are poorly understood. Herein, a sugar-upregulated CAF1 gene, OsCAF1B, is investigated in rice. Using gain-of-function and dominant-negative mutation analysis, we show that overexpression of OsCAF1B resulted in an accelerated α-amylase gene (αAmy3) mRNA degradation phenomenon, while ectopic expression of a form of OsCAF1B that had lost its deadenylase activity resulted in a delayed αAmy3 mRNA degradation phenomenon in transgenic rice cells. The change in αAmy3 mRNA degradation in transgenic rice is associated with the altered lengths of the αAmy3 mRNA PAT, indicating that OsCAF1B acts as a negative regulator of αAmy3 mRNA stability in rice. Additionally, we found that overexpression of OsCAF1B retards seed germination and seedling growth. These findings indicate that OsCAF1B participates in sugar-induced αAmy3 mRNA degradation and deadenylation and acts a negative factor for germination and seedling development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)554-564
Number of pages11
JournalPlant and Cell Physiology
Volume61
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • CCR4-associated factor 1
  • Poly(A) tail deadenylation
  • Rice (Oryza sativa)
  • Sugar signaling
  • mRNA degradation
  • α-amylase gene

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