5-methyl furfural reduces the production of malodors by inhibiting sodium l-lactate fermentation of staphylococcus epidermidis: Implication for deodorants targeting the fermenting skin microbiome

Manish Kumar, Binderiya Myagmardoloonjin, Sunita Keshari, Indira Putri Negari, Chun Ming Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Staphylococcus epidermidis (S. epidermidis) is a common bacterial colonizer on the surface of human skin. Lactate is a natural constituent of skin. Here, we reveal that S. epidermidis used sodium l-lactate as a carbon source to undergo fermentation and yield malodors detected by gas colorimetric tubes. Several furan compounds such as furfural originating from the fermentation metabolites play a role in the negative feedback regulation of the fermentation process. The 5-methyl furfural (5MF), a furfural analog, was selected as an inhibitor of sodium l-lactate fermentation of S. epidermidis via inhibition of acetolactate synthase (ALS). S. epidermidis treated with 5MF lost its ability to produce malodors, demonstrating the feasibility of using 5MF as an ingredient in deodorants targeting malodor-causing bacteria in the skin microbiome.

Original languageEnglish
Article number239
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume7
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2019

Keywords

  • 5-methylfurfural
  • Deodorants
  • Diacetyl
  • Microbiome
  • Staphylococcus epidermidis

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