βp: A novel approach to filter out malicious rating profiles from recommender systems

Chen Yao Chung, Ping Yu Hsu, Shih Hsiang Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recommender systems are widely deployed to provide user purchasing suggestion on eCommerce websites. The technology that has been adopted by most recommender systems is collaborative filtering. However, with the open nature of collaborative filtering recommender systems, they suffer significant vulnerabilities from being attacked by malicious raters, who inject profiles consisting of biased ratings. In recent years, several attack detection algorithms have been proposed to handle the issue. Unfortunately, their applications are restricted by various constraints. PCA-based methods while having good performance on paper, still suffer from missing values that plague most user-item matrixes. Classification-based methods require balanced numbers of attacks and normal profiles to train the classifiers. The detector based on SPC (Statistical Process Control) assumes that the rating probability distribution for each item is known in advance. In this research, Beta-Protection (βP) is proposed to alleviate the problem without the abovementioned constraints. βP grounds its theoretical foundation on Beta distribution for easy computation and has stable performance when experimenting with data derived from the public websites of MovieLens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)314-325
Number of pages12
JournalDecision Support Systems
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2013

Keywords

  • Collaborative filtering
  • Recommender systems
  • Shilling attacks detection

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