Transnational Community, Multiculturalism, and Cultural Policy: The Comparative Studies of Taiwan and China(2/3)

Project Details

Description

The emigration trend has inspired a large number of people from less developed countries toimmigrate to major capitalist countries. All of the developed countries are starting to become designated asmulticultural countries. In addition to the United States, Canada, or Australia; countries that have long beenregarded as homogenous ethnic nations such as Japan and South Korea have also begun to label theirsocieties as multicultural co-living or began to promote multiculturalism policies, etc. These developmentshave highlighted the importance of transnational community research and multiculturalism. Numerouscountries have started to accept the needs to respond to multiculturalism at the political level. However, thediverse ethnic backgrounds, the degree of multicultural awareness, and the huge differences in terms of theacceptable degree of diversity have become subjects of academic concern.In this study, I will compare the transnational community and multicultural policy developments inTaiwan and China. In Taiwan, multiculturalism has become a new consensus and value for its society. TheTaiwanese government has developed the National Immigration Agency that primarily handles life adaptation,language learning, or community-based disaster relief issues. Subjects such as cross-cultural communitydevelopment as well as cultural rights and identity issues were seldom looked into. In Contrast, China neverthought of itself as an immigration country and still believes that foreigners are only visiting guests. However,since the full speed integration of China’s politics, economy, and culture throughout the globalization processafter the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games; numerous multinational communities have gradually sprung up inChina’s major cities. Multicultural communities such as the Korean community in Haidian District of Beijing;European, American, and Japanese communities in Gubei Hongqiao and Pudong of Shanghai; andGuangzhou’s "Chocolate City" (African immigrants) that have recently gained special attention have startedto generate new exchanges and dialogues with the traditional cultures of the various regions in China.In this study, I will explore the various backgrounds mentioned above in hopes to review and analyzethe current transnational community and multiculturalism developments in the Taiwanese and Chinesesocieties. We also aim to determine whether multinational groups can truly practice their cultural identitiesand experiences, what are the new cultural or artistic phenomena developments, whether cultural rights arebeing protected, what are the response policies proposed by governments, and how to start a dialogue withthe relevant theories and policy indicators amongst the nations.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date1/08/1631/07/17

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 10 - Reduced Inequalities
  • SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
  • SDG 17 - Partnerships for the Goals

Keywords

  • transnational communities
  • multiculturalism
  • cultural policy
  • migrant arts
  • comparative studies

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