The Effect of Unemployment on Domestic Violence and Child Absue

Project Details


This research aims to investigate the impact of unemployment on the domestic violence and child abuse. Several research documents the significant economic burdens associated with the domestic violence and child abuse. Among those risk factors contributing to the incidence of domestic violence and child abuse, unemployment is the most important one. Unemployment will result in economic hardship, depression and low self-esteem, these adverse consequences easily light up the conflicts in the family and trigger the violence toward intimate partners and children. By using the area level panel date spanning 2005-2014, we first estimate the effect of the unemployment rate on the incidence of domestic violence and child abuse, respectively, via the fixed effects model. Secondly, some unobserved confounding factors will simultaneously influence the disturbance of the domestic violence equation and the child abuse equation. To take account the potential correlation of the disturbance, we apply the seemingly unrelated regression (SUR) model to estimate the equation system. Thirdly, it is probable that the relation between unemployment and domestic violence is reversed, that is an increase in the rate of domestic violence will lead to a development of unemployment rate. We take advantage of the exogenous change of unemployment caused by the financial tsunami in 2008 and use it to identify the causal consequence of unemployment on the prevalence rate of domestic violence and child abuse. Finally, risk factors of domestic violence and child abuse (e.g., excessive alcohol consumption) may also relate to the incidence of sexual assaults, it would be interesting to incorporate sexual violence into the equation system and examine whether the unemployment has an effect on the incidence of sexual violence. Our empirical results will provide some policy implications for the prevention of domestic violence and child abuse.
Effective start/end date1/08/1631/07/18

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 1 - No Poverty
  • SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
  • SDG 17 - Partnerships for the Goals


  • Unemployment
  • domestic violence
  • child abuse
  • fixed effects model
  • and seemingly unrelated regression model


Explore the research topics touched on by this project. These labels are generated based on the underlying awards/grants. Together they form a unique fingerprint.