The Effect of Attention Indicator and Collaboration Model on Collaborative Learning with Science Simulations: the Triangulation of Multiple Evidences(3/3)

Project Details


Recent development of science simulations has made it feasible to support advanced collaborative features in a single simulation. Collaborative simulations which allows multiple students to jointly and synchronously operate a science phenomenon have been applied to support collaborative science modeling activity and collaborative problem solving activity. However, recent research regarding the effect of the collaborative simulations yields divergent findings. While some studies indicated positive effect including the improvement of learning and engagement, some studies indicated that the simulations may interfere with individual learning. The conflicting findings call for further research looking into the detail cognitive and communication progress of the collaborative learning to uncover the affordance and limitations of the collaborative simulation. Recently, researchers noticed the shared concepts between joint attention and grounding and shared cognition, and thus more and more studies applied dual eye-tracking techniques to analyzed joint attention in collaborative learning. Therefore, this project aims to (1) uncover the learning process of collaborative learning using collaborative simulations through the dual eye-tracking techniques and attempt to (2) design an attention indicator mechanism to facilitate the communication and coordination in an online collaborative learning setting. The project will clarify two main factors of the use of the collaborative simulations, i. e. the collaboration model (the protocol of how students work together) and the attention indicator, may influence the effect of the collaborative simulations. Multiple sources of evidences will be collected and analyzed including individual visual attention, joint visual attention, discourse data, perception of the collaboration, and the pre- and post-test of the learning achievement. It is hoped through the analysis of the evidences from multiple sources this study can clarify the design and pedagogical principle to better use and design the collaborative simulations in supporting collaborative science learning.aborative science learning.
Effective start/end date1/08/2231/07/23

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 8 - Decent Work and Economic Growth
  • SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
  • SDG 17 - Partnerships for the Goals


  • computer simulation
  • collaborative learning
  • eye-tracking
  • attention


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