Measuring the Effectiveness of Vote-Buying: Evidence from Municipal Elections in Taiwan

Project Details


This project aims to examine the validity of vote-buying in Taiwan. Specifically, can vote-buying effectivelyinfluence the electoral outcomes? Since it is difficult to monitor voters’ decisions under the secret ballot, theeffectiveness of vote-buying is severely weakened and thus merits further investigation. However, given itsillicit nature, how to capture vote-buying presents a challenging task to empirical research (Hicken, Leider,Ravanilla, and Yang, 2015). To this end, this project exploits the judicial judgments to capture thevote-buying during the 2002-2014 municipal elections in Taiwan. Although the credibility of judicial data isarguably justified by the judicial system in Taiwan, it might still suffer from sample selection bias.In this project, I consider a bivariate probit model to correct the vote-buying data collected from judicialjudgments. Based on the constructed data, I then examine the effectiveness of vote-buying from twodimensions. First, I estimate the effect of electoral competition on the vote-buying by revisiting Cheng,Santos, and Wu (2015). Secondly, I explore the effect of vote-buying on the turnout. The results can beindirectly inferred as the validity of vote-buying. Furthermore, Nichter (2008) proposed to distinguishvote-buying from the turnout buying strategies. Our result also serves to identify the vote-buying strategy inTaiwan between them.
Effective start/end date1/08/1730/11/18

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities
  • SDG 13 - Climate Action
  • SDG 17 - Partnerships for the Goals


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