Project Details


The differences between rural and urban areas are that rural areas continue to face phenomena such aspopulation aging and relocation, economic vitality decline, and insufficient public facilities. The "NationalLand Space Development Strategy Plan” passed by the Executive Yuan indicated that populationconcentration not only causes urban area congestions and rural area declines, it also creates the problem ofinsufficient or excessive resource distributions. In short, living standard inequality has compromisedsustainable urban and rural developments. Since the 1990s, numerous government ministries have focusedon the resource distribution differences described above and invested into urban and rural developmentoperations. These measures have a lot in common, such as taking advantage of the residents’ ownspontaneous spirits and adopt the bottom-up operating path, striving to achieve coordination andcooperation through community resident communication, shaping local recognition, and creating localvitality. The abovementioned problems and responses do not just occur in Taiwan, they also exist in therural areas (die ländliche Räume) of Germany as well. Accordingly, this application case uses thecomparative study strategy; adopts the literature analysis, interview, and translocation investigationmethods; and anticipates to achieve the following objectives (in Taiwan and Germany) within a three yearperiod: 1. Analyze and explore the roles played by community-scale units during the developmentprocesses in rural and urban areas; 2. Understand the consensus formation processes of different ethnicgroups within a community as well as different opinion groups; and 3. Identify the supports and restrictionsposed by institutional framework to the local actors (partners). Finally, we want to create acommunication/dialogue between the Hakka living environment creation in Taiwan and Germany’s“LEADER,” and focus on the topic of how Public-Private-Partnerships are created and operated.Ultimately, this plan intends to use local community awareness and understanding to promote socialconsciousness and reflection, and achieve the good governance ideal through the analysis outcomes of theGermany case.
Effective start/end date1/01/1631/12/16

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 8 - Decent Work and Economic Growth
  • SDG 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities
  • SDG 17 - Partnerships for the Goals


  • rural-urban development
  • region development
  • rural governance
  • bottom-up


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