This research aims to investigate the effects of administrative and criminal penalty on the drunk driving recidivism. Alcohol-related traffic accidents caused many dead and injured each year. The social costs associated with drunk driving are enormous, including the loss of labor productivity, medical expenditures, police labor force, justice and incarceration systems. There are two types of penalty designed to punish the drivers under the influence of alcohol. One is the administrative penalty based on Article 35 of the Statute Governing Road Traffic (道路交通管理處罰條例第35條); the other is the criminal penalty according to the Article 185-3 of the Criminal Code (刑法185-3條). In the past two decades, several statutory amendments that designed to aggravate penalties for drunk driving seems ineffective in deterring the occurrence of driving after drinking. In this research, we empirically analyze the effects of the administrative and criminal penalty on the re-offense of driving under the influence of alcohol. By employing multiple data sets spanned in 2007-2017, we analyze whether the statutory changes of the administrative and criminal penalty is effective in deterring the recidivism of the first offenders of the alcohol-related traffic and criminal law. Secondly, we analyze whether or not aggravating the punishment will encourage the drunk drivers to escape the underlying penalty by denying the breathalyzer test. Thirdly, we investigate whether the ineffectiveness of drunk driving penalty might be because drivers will drive with less drinking, rather than detaching drinking and driving behaviors. Our empirical results will offer some policy implications on deterring the drunk driving recidivism.
|Effective start/end date||1/08/19 → 31/07/20|
UN Sustainable Development Goals
In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):
- drunk driving
- Article 35 of the Statute Governing Road Traffic
- Article 185-3 of the Criminal Code
- the administrative penalty for drunk driving
- criminal penalty for drunk driving
- deny breathalyzer test.
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