A Distribution Planning Method for the City Logistics Using Electric Transportation Vehicles

Project Details


The concept of city logistics is to deliver physical goods from city distribution center to final customer in the city by using most suitable way to meet city utmost benefit. The issues involved are how to effectively use transport vehicles to deliver goods to multiple demand points within a certain geographical scope and certain time window so as to enhance the welfare and living quality of urban residents. In recent years, with the rise of the smart city concept, the application of electric vehicles as a transportation vehicle for distributing goods in city logistics has become one of the options in many advanced cities.Although the application of vehicle routing in regional logistics has been developed various planning models, such as multi-vehicle types, time-window constraints, allocations of gas stations, etc. However, these planning methods based on "regional" logistics scenarios are not necessarily fully consider on all the features of city logistics. Moreover, electric vehicles in the energy supply, mode of operation and restrictions are quite different from the use of traditional vehicles. If one uses the traditional models of fuel vehicles to carry out the logistics route planning, the results will cause a big deviation with the actual evidences of electric vehicles.Therefore, this study will develop a distribution planning method that considers the "vehicle routing" and "cars charging" on a single city logistics system which uses electric vehicles as a delivery vehicle. This method is based on the model of city logistics and distribution network, and adds the decision-making factors such as the technical characteristics of electric vehicles, charging rate and the maximum distance traveled by electric vehicles, and tries to develop a set of planning algorithms under various constraints to find the optimum goods delivery route combination. The results will be presented as heuristic algorithms and will be tested and verified on street contexts in Taoyuan, Taiwan.
Effective start/end date1/08/2031/07/21

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 7 - Affordable and Clean Energy
  • SDG 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities
  • SDG 17 - Partnerships for the Goals


  • City logistics
  • Electric vehicles
  • Vehicle routing planning (VRP)


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